CURRENT STATE OF CONSTRUCTION OF SMALL HYDROPOWER STATIONS IN UKRAINE AND AN ASSESSMENT OF THE TECHNICAL POTENTIAL OF THEIR FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

Keywords: ecology, electricity, flow of the river, hydropower, potential, power.

Abstract

The paper determines the relevance of the further development of small hydropower in Ukraine in view of the decision of the Council of Ministers of the Energy Community D/2012/04/MC-EnC, under which Ukraine has committed itself to achieving renewable energy production in the overall energy supply of the country by 2020 at a level of 11%. An analysis of the current state of construction of small hydroelectric power stations (HPP) is carried out and their distribution by quantity and capacity according to the administrative-territorial regions of the country is determined. The total capacity of the stations at the beginning of 2018 was 99 MW. The attention is paid to contradictions of expert values of indicative indicators of the further development of small hydropower, which is caused by significant changes in the current regulatory framework in the electricity and nature protection spheres in relation to construction of small hydroelectric power stations. Environmental restrictions for water use of river runoff for the production of electricity and the use of territories for the construction of small hydroelectric plants were generalized. The mathematical model for calculating the technical potential of hydropower resources is proposed, which takes into account the criteria of the ecological value of the territory and water consumption for the continuous functioning of the rivers, the cost of floods, and others. The estimated technical potential of small hydroelectric plants on the territory of the country was carried out using the developed model. The legitimate database of hydrological indicators of small rivers, and the results of space-based Earth surface sensing and related software served as the source information for the research. According to the results of the research, the technical potential of building small hydroelectric power stations on the territory of Ukraine is at 1270 million kWh a year. The obtained results are essential for the development of a modern concept of regional development programs for small hydropower and implementation of measures of the National Renewable Energy Action Plan.

Author Biographies

P. Vasko, Institute of Renewable Energy, NAS of Ukraine

Author information: Doctor of Technical Sciences majoring in «Renewable Energy Transformation», Head of Hydropower Department of the Institute for Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
Education: National Technical University of Ukraine «Kyiv Polytechnic Institute». Specialty «Electric machines and devices».
Research area: alternative energy, energy saving, conversion of renewable energy types and installations based on them, small hydropower

A. Moroz, Institute of Renewable Energy, NAS of Ukraine

Author information: Candidate of Technical Sciences in the field of «Renewable Energy Transformation», Senior Researcher in the Institute for Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
Education: National Technical University of Ukraine «Kyiv Polytechnic Institute». Specialty «Non-traditional sources of energy».
Research area: alternative energy, energy saving, renewable energy transformation, small hydropower.

A. Bril, Institute of Renewable Energy, NAS of Ukraine

Author information: Researcher at the Hydropower Department of the Institute for Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
Education: National Technical University of Ukraine «Kyiv Polytechnic Institute». Specialty «Electrical networks and systems».
Research area: conversion of renewable energy types and installations based on them, small hydropower.

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Published
2018-12-03
How to Cite
Vasko, P., Moroz, A., & Bril, A. (2018). CURRENT STATE OF CONSTRUCTION OF SMALL HYDROPOWER STATIONS IN UKRAINE AND AN ASSESSMENT OF THE TECHNICAL POTENTIAL OF THEIR FURTHER DEVELOPMENT. Renewable and Hydrogen Energy , (4(55), 73-83. https://doi.org/10.36296/1819-8058.2018.4(55).73-83