FEATURES OF DETERMINATION OF RATIONAL SITES FOR PLACEMENT OF PHOTOVOLTAIC PLANTS IN UKRAINE
The purpose of the work is to systematize and streamline the actions and main provisions taking into account the existing regulatory documents that must be fulfilled in the design and construction of photovoltaic plants in Ukraine, starting with the selection of the site for their placement and ending with obtaining a license for production and a contract for the sale of electricity.
The paper describes the development of a methodology for determining the feasibility of placement of sites of photovoltaic plants and their capacities taking into account the environmental aspects of the regions of Ukraine. This technique is the result of systematic scientific analysis of step-by-step actions in the design, construction and commissioning of a PV plants in Ukraine, taking into account and complying with all the legislative and technical requirements currently in force in our country, starting with the choice of the site for the construction of the PV plants and ending with obtaining a license for production and a contract for the sale of received electricity. The methodology for ease of use is made in the form of a table, in which the logical sequence contains the items of action (works) to be executed, with explanations and references to the existing legislative and regulatory documents and the results obtained for each of the points.
The paper describes an algorithm for mapping schemes for each of Ukraine's regions, with the projection of perspective sites for the construction of PV plants with a short description of them and the possibility of joining-up to the grid. The development of the chart-diagrams is preceded by an analysis of the state of the electric energy infrastructure in the vicinity of the planned land use for the location of a PV plants, which is also needed, in addition to all, to determine the optimal location of generating power generation capacities. The developed charts give a clear idea of the proposed sites for the construction of photovoltaic plants and the possibilities of their connection to the electrical grid. Ref. 9, tabl.1, fig. 1.
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