USE OF WIND TURBINE FOR PRODUCE HYDROGEN IN THE COMPOSITION OF AUTONOMOUS FILLING STATIONS OF ELECTRIC VEHICLES ON FUEL CELLS
The existing variants of the renewable energy sources with respect to hydrogen production technology were analyzed and it was established that for conditions of Ukraine, electrolysis of water with use of wind and solar energy will enable the increased energy potential use of given energy sources within the condition of electric transport development on fuel elements. Among two most widely commercially used electrolytic technologies of the hydrogen production, namely alkaline and proton exchange electrolysis, for combination with wind and photovoltaic installations, the second one is the most suitable, which can be explained by better maneuvering regimes of work that resulted from the stochastic nature of electricity generation. As result of analysis on the domestic and foreign experience within realization of hydrogen production complexes using renewable sources, a scheme of autonomous fuel station for electrical vehicles on fuel cells in which the primary generator of electric energy is wind power plant was proposed. Given scheme, with proper selection of generating and accumulating capacities (buffer accumulator and hydrogen storage system), allows realizing the guaranteed fuelling of electric vehicles on fuel cells within the year without taking into consideration of both daily and seasonally fluctuations of wind energy. The necessity of developing a mathematical description of the system “wind power installation – electrolyser – buffer accumulator of energy” is highlighted for the estimation of the proposed scheme efficiency base on experimental wind speed data. Ref. 6, tabl. 1, fig. 2.
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