ANALYTICAL REVIEW OF THE UPDATED ESTIMATES OF THE PROSPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF WIND ENERGY
Purpose of the article - the definition of current trends and prospects of wind power. The study conducted by analyzing the statistical data and forecast estimates published in the reports of highly professional international organizations - the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) and the European Wind Energy Association (EWEA), the American National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). These objective data show extremely high rate of development of wind power in the EU. According to the forecast, the EU wind power electricity production exceeds electricity power station coal - in 2020, hydro - in 2025, nuclear power plants - in 2028, thermal power plants on gas - in 2035. Presents new refined estimates of wind potential in Ukraine. Based on the distribution of wind speeds and territorial restrictions in Ukraine may create a cost-effective wind farms, onshore - capacity of 320 GW, shallow offshore - a capacity of 146 GW. The total potential annual power generation of the wind farm is about 1.5 million GWh, which is almost 10 times higher than the current annual consumption. Ukrainian state has obligations to the international community to move towards low carbon energy and to this end accelerating the development of renewable energy. The benefits of wind energy for the Ukrainian society are classified. It revealed that Ukraine, having the best conditions for the development of wind energy and the highest benefits from it, plans the indicators of this process, the lowest in South Eastern Europe. The role of the Ukrainian state in the elimination of barriers to the development of wind energy and its derivation on the European trajectory is determined. Ref. 6, tabl. 2, fig. 1.
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