POTENTIAL OF UKRAINE'S WIND POWER PLANTS REASSESSMENT. THE REASONS AND THE RESULTS
Purpose of the article is to make a nowadays wind energy potential assessment and to study the prospects for the development of wind energy. Demand for electricity has a steady upward trend. The electricity supply of thermal and nuclear power plants is mainly limits by the depletion of the world's energy resources and their uneven distribution between countries. The last creates the political and economic dependence of energy importing countries on energy exporting ones. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), wind energy investments in the EU in 2014-2035 will be $ 727 billion and will be the highest among the power industries - 1.8 times higher than in TPPs and NPPs together ($ 400 billion). Recently, there have been significant progressive changes in the quantitative and qualitative parameters there of wind power generation: the wind blades of the wind turbines extended; the heights of the wind turbines increased. Studies of the wind flows have shown that the vertical wind profiles are actually more sensitive to the elevation above the ground than previously thought. Besides, there is a doubling of the wind turbines’ nominal capacity, thereby reducing both the area of coverage by wind turbines and the specific consumption of land withdrawn from agricultural use. In previous studies, only areas near the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov were identified as suitable for the wind farms, as a result of the combined effect of the above factors, significant territories in other regions of Ukraine that were previously considered as unfit for the deployment of cost-effective wind farms have been classified as promising. This article presents a geographic approach to the wind potential of Ukraine assessment. This approach provides sufficient accuracy, is much simpler, requires significantly less time and cost than the known approaches. Ref. 6, tabl. 4, fig. 8.
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