POTENTIAL OF UKRAINE'S WIND POWER PLANTS REASSESSMENT. THE REASONS AND THE RESULTS

Keywords: wind power, technically achievable wind potential, wind power plant, geographical approach, zoning, installed capacity of wind power plant.

Abstract

Purpose of the article is to make a nowadays wind energy potential assessment and to study the prospects for the development of wind energy. Demand for electricity has a steady upward trend. The electricity supply of thermal and nuclear power plants is mainly limits by the depletion of the world's energy resources and their uneven distribution between countries. The last creates the political and economic dependence of energy importing countries on energy exporting ones. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), wind energy investments in the EU in 2014-2035 will be $ 727 billion and will be the highest among the power industries - 1.8 times higher than in TPPs and NPPs together ($ 400 billion). Recently, there have been significant progressive changes in the quantitative and qualitative parameters there of wind power generation: the wind blades of the wind turbines extended; the heights of the wind turbines increased. Studies of the wind flows have shown that the vertical wind profiles are actually more sensitive to the elevation above the ground than previously thought. Besides, there is a doubling of the wind turbines’ nominal capacity, thereby reducing both the area of coverage by wind turbines and the specific consumption of land withdrawn from agricultural use. In previous studies, only areas near the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov were identified as suitable for the wind farms, as a result of the combined effect of the above factors, significant territories in other regions of Ukraine that were previously considered  as unfit for the deployment of cost-effective wind farms have been classified as promising. This article presents a geographic approach to the wind potential of Ukraine assessment. This approach provides sufficient accuracy, is much simpler, requires significantly less time and cost than the known approaches. Ref. 6, tabl. 4, fig. 8.

Author Biographies

S. Kudria, 1Institute of Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 02094, 20А Hnata Khotkevycha St., Kyiv, Ukraine.

kudra.jpgdirector of the Institute of Renewable Energy of NAS of Ukraine, corresponding member of NAS of Ukraine, professor, doctor of technical sciences. 
Education: Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, engineer-technologist on the specialty "Technologies of electrochemical manufactures".
Research area: renewable energy sources, energy storage, energy efficient technologies, hydrogen energy.

Publications: 376.
Patents: 45.
Monographs: 11.

N. Mkhitaryan, Institute of Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 02094, 20А Hnata Khotkevycha St., Kyiv, Ukraine.

michtaryan.pngAuthor information: Honorary Director of the Institute of Renewable Energy of NAS of Ukraine, corresponding member of NAS of Ukraine, professor, doctor of technical sciences.
Education: Yerevan Polytechnic Institute, specialty "Production of building products and structures".
Research area: renewable energy sources, energy efficient technologies, hybrid renewable energy systems.
Publications: more than 200.

B. Tuchynskyi, Institute of renewable energy, NAS Ukraine, 02094, 20А, Hnata Khotkevycha St., Kyiv.

Tuchynskyi.pngAuthor information: Senior Researcher at wind energy department at Institute of Renewable Energy of NAS of Ukraine, Senior Researcher, Candidate of Economic Sciences.
Education: Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics.
Research area: Applied Mathematics, Computational Methods in Mathematics, Mathematical Statistics, Mathematical Models and Methods in Economics, Investment Analysis, Wind Power.
Publications: 117.

О. Riepkin, Energy Association «Ukrainian Hydrogen Council»

repa.jpgAuthor information: Chairman of the Board of the company Tokmak Solar Energy, Head of the Energy Association «Ukrainian Hydrogen Council»
Education: graduated from the National Academy of Security Service of Ukraine in 2002 with a degree in Law.
Research area: solar power, hydrogen power.
Publications: 5.

I. Ivanchenko, Institute of renewable energy, NAS Ukraine, 02094, 20А, Hnata Khotkevycha St., Kyiv.

Ivanchenko.pngAuthor information: chief technologist at wind energy department at Institute of Renewable Energy of NAS of Ukraine.
Education: Kiev National University of Technology and Design, Faculty of Engineering and Economics.
Research area: wind energy, assessment of wind energy potential, economic efficiency of investments in the construction of wind power plants.
Publications: 30.

K. Petrenko, Institute of Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 02094, 20А Hnata Khotkevycha St., Kyiv, Ukraine.

katya.pngAuthor informationchief technologist of Wind Energy Department, Institute of Renewable Energy of NAS of Ukraine,
Master Degree (Meteorology and Climatology).
Education: Taras Shevchenko National University, Department of Meteorology and Climatology.
Research area: meteorology, climatology, cartography, wind power.
Publications: 11.

References

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2. World Energy Investment Outlook. Special Report. OECD/IEA. 2014. 190 p. [Electronic resource]. URL: https://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/WEIO2014.pdf. [in English].
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4. Europes onshore and offshore wind energy potential. An assessment of environmental and economic constraints. EEA Technical report. 2009. № 6. 90 p. [Electronic resource]. URL: https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/europes-onshore-and-offshore-wind-energy-potential. [in English].
5. Cost-competitive renewable power generation: Potential across South East Europe. IRENA. 2017. 124 p. [in English].
6. Makarovskij E.L., Zinych V.O. Metodika ocenki vetrovogo energeticheskogo potenciala. [Methodology for wind energy potential assessment]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats «Problemy okhorony navkolyshnoho pryrodnoho seredovyshcha ta ekolohichnoi bezpeky». Kharkiv. UkrNDIEP. 2011. Pp. 211-228. [in Russian].
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8. Infohrafika — rozmir normatyvnoi hroshovoi otsinky 1 ha s/h zemli v usikh oblastiakh Ukrainy na 2019 rik. [Infographic - the size of the regulatory monetary assessment of 1 ha of agricultural land in all regions of Ukraine for 2019] [Electronic resource]. URL: https://agropolit.com/news/11019-infografika--rozmir-normativno-groshovoyi-otsinki-1-ga-s-g-zemli-v-usih-oblastyah-ukrayini-na-2019-rik. [in Ukrainian].

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Published
2020-03-30
How to Cite
Kudria, S., Mkhitaryan, N., Tuchynskyi, B., RiepkinО., Ivanchenko, I., & Petrenko, K. (2020). POTENTIAL OF UKRAINE’S WIND POWER PLANTS REASSESSMENT. THE REASONS AND THE RESULTS. Vidnovluvana Energetika, (1(60), 6-16. https://doi.org/10.36296/1819-8058.2020.1(60).6-16
Section
Complex Problems of Power Systems Based on Renewable Energy Sources