POTENTIAL OF UKRAINE'S WIND POWER PLANTS REASSESSMENT. THE REASONS AND THE RESULTS
Purpose of the article is to make a nowadays wind energy potential assessment and to study the prospects for the development of wind energy. Demand for electricity has a steady upward trend. The electricity supply of thermal and nuclear power plants is mainly limits by the depletion of the world's energy resources and their uneven distribution between countries. The last creates the political and economic dependence of energy importing countries on energy exporting ones. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), wind energy investments in the EU in 2014-2035 will be $ 727 billion and will be the highest among the power industries - 1.8 times higher than in TPPs and NPPs together ($ 400 billion). Recently, there have been significant progressive changes in the quantitative and qualitative parameters there of wind power generation: the wind blades of the wind turbines extended; the heights of the wind turbines increased. Studies of the wind flows have shown that the vertical wind profiles are actually more sensitive to the elevation above the ground than previously thought. Besides, there is a doubling of the wind turbines’ nominal capacity, thereby reducing both the area of coverage by wind turbines and the specific consumption of land withdrawn from agricultural use. In previous studies, only areas near the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov were identified as suitable for the wind farms, as a result of the combined effect of the above factors, significant territories in other regions of Ukraine that were previously considered as unfit for the deployment of cost-effective wind farms have been classified as promising. This article presents a geographic approach to the wind potential of Ukraine assessment. This approach provides sufficient accuracy, is much simpler, requires significantly less time and cost than the known approaches. Ref. 6, tabl. 4, fig. 8.
2. World Energy Investment Outlook. Special Report. OECD/IEA. 2014. 190 p. [Electronic resource]. URL: https://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/WEIO2014.pdf. [in English].
3. Kudria S.O., Tuchynskyi B.H., Ivanchenko I.V. Analitychnyi ohliad onovlenykh otsinok shchodo perspektyv rozvytku vitroenerhetyky.[Analytical review of the updated estimates of the prospects for the development of wind energy]. Vidnovluvana energetika. 2019. № 3(58). Pp. 42-47. [in Ukrainian].
4. Europes onshore and offshore wind energy potential. An assessment of environmental and economic constraints. EEA Technical report. 2009. № 6. 90 p. [Electronic resource]. URL: https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/europes-onshore-and-offshore-wind-energy-potential. [in English].
5. Cost-competitive renewable power generation: Potential across South East Europe. IRENA. 2017. 124 p. [in English].
6. Makarovskij E.L., Zinych V.O. Metodika ocenki vetrovogo energeticheskogo potenciala. [Methodology for wind energy potential assessment]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats «Problemy okhorony navkolyshnoho pryrodnoho seredovyshcha ta ekolohichnoi bezpeky». Kharkiv. UkrNDIEP. 2011. Pp. 211-228. [in Russian].
7. Pryrodni zony Ukrainy. Karta pryrodnykh zon. [Electronic resource]. URL: https://school.home-task.com/prirodni-zoni-ukrayini-karta-prirodnix-zon/. [in Ukrainian].
8. Infohrafika — rozmir normatyvnoi hroshovoi otsinky 1 ha s/h zemli v usikh oblastiakh Ukrainy na 2019 rik. [Infographic - the size of the regulatory monetary assessment of 1 ha of agricultural land in all regions of Ukraine for 2019] [Electronic resource]. URL: https://agropolit.com/news/11019-infografika--rozmir-normativno-groshovoyi-otsinki-1-ga-s-g-zemli-v-usih-oblastyah-ukrayini-na-2019-rik. [in Ukrainian].
Abstract views: 137 PDF Downloads: 77