DISPOSAL OF PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES. PROBLEMS AND INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE

Keywords: ecology, regulatory support, reuse, solar module, photovoltaic plants, utilization.

Abstract

The article raises an important and topical issue of PV plants, which do not affect the environment in operation, but can negatively affect the environment in Ukraine, provided they are decommissioned at the end of the guaranteed effective life, and the accumulation of harmful substances and compounds that are part of PV modules (PVM).

The paper describes the main types of PV modules, which are currently mass-produced by manufacturers and used in PV plants in the world and their main components. Problems that arise in the event of failure of the PVM due to expiration or damage, etc. are identified.

The state of affairs concerning utilization of the main components of PV plants – PVM in the advanced countries of the world in the plane of normative maintenance of these works, development of necessary additional regulations, and also already existing technologies which are applied or developed is considered. The necessity and possibilities of reuse of the vast majority of PVM of materials and compounds obtained during utilization are described. The review, its analysis and the trends of rapid development of photovoltaics in the world necessitate the creation of an entire industry sector in Ukraine, which will dispose of used PVM and prepare recycling products for reuse now, without waiting for mass failure of PVM. This will significantly reduce the negative burden on the environment.

The goals and tasks to be fulfilled by Ukraine in the shortest possible time in the direction of utilization of PVM are outlined. These are the following steps: development and implementation of the necessary regulations, new effective technologies for processing PVM and specialized industries (or modernization and adjustment of existing on the basis of enterprises for the manufacture of PVM), etc. Ref. 12, fig. 2.

Author Biographies

V. Pundiev, Institute of Renewable Energy, NAS of Ukraine 02094, 20A Hnata Khotkevycha Street, Kyiv, Ukraine

pundiev.jpgAutor information: Research Associate of Solar Power Engineering Department of Institute of Renewable Energy at NAS of Ukraine.
Education: The Voroshilovgrad Machine-Building Institute in Electrical Machines and Devices.
Research area: renewable power in particular solar power.

Publications: 25.

V. Rieztsov, Institute of Renewable Energy, NAS of Ukraine 02094, 20A Hnata Khotkevycha Street, Kyiv, Ukraine

Rieztsov.jpgAutor information: corresponding member of NAS of Ukraine, doctor of technical sciences, professor, deputy director of research, head of Solar Energy Department, Institute of Renewable Energy of the National Academy the Sciences of Ukraine.
Education: Kharkiv Aviation Institute, Faculty of Aircraft Engine Engines, specialіty – mechanical engineer.
Research area: renewable energy.
Publications: 306, 5 monographs, 20 patents.

T. Surzhyk, Institute of Renewable Energy, NAS of Ukraine 02094, 20A Hnata Khotkevycha Street, Kyiv, Ukraine

Surzhyk.jpgAutor information: candidate of science, science secretary in the Institute of Renewable Energy of the National Academy the Sciences of Ukraine
Education: Kyivs Engineering Building – Institute, specialty – gas-heating and ventilation
Research area: renewable energy.
Publications: 186, 25 monographs, 26 patents.

V. Shevchuk, Institute of Renewable Energy, NAS of Ukraine 02094, 20A Hnata Khotkevycha Street, Kyiv, Ukraine

Shevchuk.jpgAutor information: research associate of Solar Power Engineering Department of Institute of Renewable Energy at NAS of Ukraine.
Education: The Kyiv Polytechnic Institute in Power Plants.
Research area: renewable power, in particular photovoltaics.
Publications: 40.

Sheiko Sheiko, Institute of Renewable Energy, NAS of Ukraine 02094, 20A Hnata Khotkevycha Street, Kyiv, Ukraine

Sheiko.jpgAutor information: leading associate of Solar Power Engineering Department of Institute of Renewable Energy at NAS of Ukraine.
Education: Kiev Polytechnic Institute, Faculty of Automation and Electrical Equipment, specialty – electronic machined.Faculty of Automation and Instrumentation, specialty - electronic computers.
Research area: renewable power in particular solar power.
Publications: 5.

References

1. Reztsov V.F. Zbirnyk referativ dysertatsiy, NDR ta DKR № 0216U005119. Rozrobka kompleksnykh zakhodiv i metodychnykh rekomendatsiy zi zmenshennya vplyvu na dovkillya pry budivnytstvi ta ekspluatatsiyi fotoelektrychnykh stantsiy. [Collection of abstracts of dissertations, research and research № 0216U005119. Development of comprehensive measures and guidelines for reducing environmental impact in the construction and operation of photovoltaic plants]. Final Report. Renewable Energy Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. State Registration 0113U005151. 150 р. [in Ukranian].
2. Reztsov V.F., Surjyk T.V., Pundev V.O., Shevchuk V.I., Kirnos L.A., Sheyko I.О. Vymogy shchodo zabezpechennya ecologichnykh factoriv pry vprovadzhenni technology fotoenrgetyky v Ukrayini. [Requirements for providing environmental factors in implementation of photo energy technologies in ukraine]. Vidnovluvana energetika. 2019. No. 4(59). Pp. 29-36 [in Ukranian].
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4. Weckend S., Wade A., Heath G. IRENA. IEA-PVPS: End-of-life management:Solar Photovoltaic Panels. [Electronic resource]. URL: https://www.irena.org/publications/2016/Jun/End-of-life-management-Solar-Photovoltaic-Panels. (Applying date: 14.07.20). [in English].
5. EN 50625-2-4. Collection, logistics & treatment requirements for WEEE-Part 2-4: Treatment requirements for photovoltaic panels. 2017. 19 p. [in English].
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10. Chy ye druhe zhyttya u sonyachnykh paneley?. [Does solar panels have a second life?]. [Electronic resource]. URL: https://avenston.com/ru/articles/solar-second-life/. (Applying date: 14.07.20).
11. DSTU 8328:2015. Helioenerhetyka. Moduli fotoelektrychni. Zahalni tekhnichni vymohy. [DSTU 8328:2015. Solar energy. Photovoltaic modules. General technical requirements]. Kiev. DP "UkrNDNC". 2016. 30 p.
12. DSTU 8635:2016. Helioenerhetyka. Ploshchadky dlya fotoelektrychnykh stantsiy. Pryyednannya do elektroenerhetychnoyi systemy. [DSTU 8635: 2016. Solar energy. Sites for photovoltaic stations. Connection to the power system]. Kiev. DP "UkrNDNC". 2016. 52 p.

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Published
2020-09-28
How to Cite
Pundiev, V., Rieztsov, V., Surzhyk, T., Shevchuk, V., & Sheiko, S. (2020). DISPOSAL OF PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES. PROBLEMS AND INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE. Vidnovluvana Energetika, (3(62), 27-34. https://doi.org/10.36296/1819-8058.2020.3(62).27-34