COORDINATED CONTROL OF MOTOR-GENERATOR VARIABLES IN THE ELECTRIC BREAKING MODE

Keywords: generator, electric motor, electric braking, external, source, energy, coordinated, generation, control.

Abstract

There are a number of installations and technological processes, the movement of which is carried out by an external source of energy, and the electric machine, not being the main source of movement, constantly or periodically is in the mode of electric generating braking to provide the desired characteristics of the workflow.

The problem solved in this research is to expand the functionality of the generator and the motor in the electric braking mode. The problem is solved by an automatic control of the coordinates of the electric machine in the generator mode. A feature of the proposed control method is that one or more coordinates of generator or motor in electric braking mode are forcibly set by an external energy source, and the goal of coordinated control of other variables of an electric machine is to provide a given law for converting mechanical energy into electrical or an algorithm for the movement of an executive object of a working machine.

The article presents example of the synthesis of regulated electric drive control algorithm based on the principle of coordinated control of variables.

The example concerns the inverted mode of operation of a pumping unit of a hydro storage power station. According to the criterion of constant output power under conditions of changing the liquid level, an algorithm for frequency control of an asynchronous machine is synthesized, which is realized by adjusting the calculated idling speed of the engine, the rotor of which rotates an external motion source with a speed, that can generally change according to an random law. The task of the control algorithm is to maintain a constant power generation energy, regardless of the actual speed of rotation of the rotor.

The proposed approach to the synthesis of generator mode of electric machines, through the use of the principle of coordinated control of variables, acquires qualitatively new properties, as compared with traditional methods of electric braking, increases the technical and economic indicators of the electromechanical system as a whole. Bibl. 9, fig. 6.

Author Biographies

V. Teriaiev, National Technical University of Ukraine «Igor Sikorsky Kiev Polytechnic Institute», 03056, 37 Peremohy Av., Kyiv, Ukraine.

Teriaiev.pngAuthor information: Associate Professor of the Department of Automation of Electromechanical Systems and Electric Drive of the National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute" (Igor Sikorsky KPI), PhD of Technical sciences.
Education: National Technical University of Ukraine "Kiev Polytechnic Institute", engineer-electromechanic in the specialty "Electric drive and automation of industrial plants".
Research area: Magnetic levitation systems and linear electric drives; interconnected and multichannel tracking electromechanical systems.
Publications: 122, 15 patents.

S. Burian, National Technical University of Ukraine «Igor Sikorsky Kiev Polytechnic Institute», 03056, 37 Peremohy Av., Kyiv, Ukraine.

Burian.pngAuthor information: Associate Professor of the Department of Automation of Electromechanical Systems and Electric Drive of the National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute" (Igor Sikorsky KPI), PhD of Technical sciences.
Education: National Technical University of Ukraine “Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Master of Electrical Engineering for the specialty “Electromechanical Automation Systems of the Electric Drive”.
Research area: energy-efficient electrical automation systems of turbomechanisms.
Publications: 128, 1 patent.

V. Stiazhkin, Institute of Electrodynamics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 03057, 56 Peremohy Av., Kyiv, Ukraine.

Stiazhkin.pngInformation about the author: Senior Researcher, Department of Transformation and Stabilization of Electromagnetic Processes of Institute of Electrodynamics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, PhD of Technical sciences.
Education: National Technical University of Ukraine "Kyiv Polytechnic Institute", engineer-electric in the specialty "Electric drive and automation of industrial plants".
Research area: semiconductor converters of voltage and current, frequency linear electric drives, automated hybrid control systems with fuzzy logic.
Publications: 72, 11 patents.

References

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9. Popovich M.G., Teriaiev V.I., Kiselychnyk O.I., Burian S.O. Osoblyvosti syntezu ta doslidzhennia elektromekhanichnykh system z poslidovnoiu korektsiieiu ta chastotnorehulovanymy asynkhronnymy dvyhunamy. [Features of synthesis and access of electrical systems with a last-minute correction and frequency-controlled asynchronous motors]. Visnyk Kremenchutskoho derzhavnoho politekhnichnoho universytetu. Kremenchuk. KDPU. 2007. Vyp. 3/2007 (44). Vol. 2. Pp. 12-16. [in Ukrainian].

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Published
2020-09-28
How to Cite
Teriaiev, V., Burian, S., & Stiazhkin, V. (2020). COORDINATED CONTROL OF MOTOR-GENERATOR VARIABLES IN THE ELECTRIC BREAKING MODE. Vidnovluvana Energetika, (3(62), 62-69. https://doi.org/10.36296/1819-8058.2020.3(62).62-69