INEVITABILITY OF UKRAINE'S TRANSITION TO RENEWABLE ENERGY

Keywords: electric power, electric power equipment, energy fuels, external costs, efficiency, renewable energy.

Abstract

The article considers significant problems of modern Ukrainian electric power industry. Depreciation of TPP and NPP energy equipment exceeds the allowable design limits, which reduces the sustainability of electricity supply to consumers, increases local and global harmful emissions, increases specific fuel consumption at TPPs and NPPs, and thus increases the cost and price of electricity sales. Another challenge for Ukraine's electricity sector is its dependence on fuel imports. The priority development of electricity production from renewable energy sources, chosen by European countries, has overcome the problems of physical and moral wear of equipment, access to energy, environmental cleanliness of power plants, efficiency of electricity production for investors and the state. This positive European experience of overcoming the electricity crisis is very important for Ukraine.

According to the International Energy Agency, in the period 2014-2035, investments in renewable electricity generation technologies in the EU will exceed investments in the field of traditional energy (TPP and NPP) combined, more than three times.

The results of the operation of the European electricity sector at the new "low-carbon" rate show that the strategic decisions in the European electricity sector were successful - European countries overcame all obstacles to development.

Given the similarity of many pressing problems of Ukrainian and European electricity, as well as the significant energy potential of renewable energy sources in Ukraine, including solar and wind energy - 2273 billion kWh per year, strategic decisions for Ukrainian electricity should take into account relevant European experience of priority electricity production from renewable energy sources. In addition, the analysis gives a reasonable conclusion that renewable electricity generation technologies are the most attractive for investors.

Ref. 19, tables 8, fig. 12.

Author Biographies

B. Tuchynskyi, Institute of renewable energy, NAS Ukraine, 02094, 20А, Hnata Khotkevycha St., Kyiv.

Tuchynskyi.pngAuthor information: Senior Researcher at wind energy department at Institute of Renewable Energy of NAS of Ukraine, Senior Researcher, Candidate of Economic Sciences.
Education: Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics.
Research area: Applied Mathematics, Computational Methods in Mathematics, Mathematical Statistics, Mathematical Models and Methods in Economics, Investment Analysis, Wind Power.
Publications: 117.

S. Kudria, Institute of Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 02094, 20А Hnata Khotkevycha St., Kyiv, Ukraine.

kudra.jpgdirector of the Institute of Renewable Energy of NAS of Ukraine, corresponding member of NAS of Ukraine, professor, doctor of technical sciences. 
Education: Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, engineer-technologist on the specialty "Technologies of electrochemical manufactures".
Research area: renewable energy sources, energy storage, energy efficient technologies, hydrogen energy.

Publications: 376.
Patents: 45.
Monographs: 11.

I. Ivanchenko, Institute of renewable energy, NAS Ukraine, 02094, 20А, Hnata Khotkevycha St., Kyiv.

Ivanchenko.pngAuthor information: chief technologist at wind energy department at Institute of Renewable Energy of NAS of Ukraine.
Education: Kiev National University of Technology and Design, Faculty of Engineering and Economics.
Research area: wind energy, assessment of wind energy potential, economic efficiency of investments in the construction of wind power plants.
Publications: 30.

V. Ivanchuk, Institute of Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 02094, 20A Hnata Khotkevycha St., Kyiv, Ukraine. National Technical University of Ukraine «Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute», 03056, 37 Peremohy Av., Kyiv, Ukraine.

Ivanchuk.jpgAuthor information: Leading engineer of Department №1 of Complex Power Systems of the Institute of Renewable Energy of the NAS of Ukraine, student of the National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute".
Education: student of 6th course of the Department Renewable Energy Sources of Faculty of Electric Power Engineering and Automatics of the National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute".
Research area: renewable energy.
Publications: 14.

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Published
2020-12-27
How to Cite
Tuchynskyi, B., Kudria, S., Ivanchenko, I., & Ivanchuk, V. (2020). INEVITABILITY OF UKRAINE’S TRANSITION TO RENEWABLE ENERGY. Vidnovluvana Energetika, (4(63), 6-21. https://doi.org/10.36296/1819-8058.2020.4(63).6-21
Section
Complex Problems of Power Systems Based on Renewable Energy Sources