INTERACTION OF GRAVITY WAVES WITH TIDAL POWER PLANT

Keywords: gravity wave, renewable energy, tidal power, numerical and physical modeling, soil erosion.

Abstract

The use of renewable energy sources is urgent and relevant in the life of humanity in the current conditions of fuel and energy crisis and environmental pollution. One type of renewable energy source is tidal power plants, which use the potential energy of tides. Determining the features of the interaction of the wave flow with the designs of the tidal power plant and the creation of conditions for trouble-free and efficient operation of such stations is certainly an urgent problem in modern power engineering. The purpose of the research is to determine the effect of gravitational waves on the design of a tidal power plant and to develop recommendations for safe operating conditions of the tidal power plant. Numerical and experimental studies of the interaction of the wave flow with the structures of the tidal power plant and the dam enclosing the closed water area are conducted in this work. For this purpose, a modern apparatus of theoretical hydromechanics, probability theory and mathematical statistics was used, an experimental stand was created and laboratory studies were conducted in a wave pool, where a wave generator generated gravitational waves of the given parameters. Visual studies have been conducted and the integral and spectral characteristics of velocity and pressure fields have been determined. The hydrodynamic characteristics of wave motion and flows through the turbine tracts of a power plant and their spectral components are obtained. Pressure fields, loads and torque moments on the building of the station have been determined, and features of soil erosion at the junction of the station and the bottom of the reservoir have been established. Sandy soil erosion characteristics near the tidal power plant were evaluated. Recommendations were made regarding the trouble-free operation of the tidal power plant and the optimal thicknesses of the sand cushion and stone berm on which the station was built. Ref. 20, Fig. 5.

Author Biographies

V. Voskoboinick, Institute of hydromechanics of the NAS Ukraine, 03057, 8/4, Marii Kapnist Str., Kyiv, Ukraine.

v1.pngAuthor information: Head of the Department of Hydrodynamics of wave and channel flows of the Institute of Hydromechanics of the NAS of Ukraine, Doctor of technical sciences, Associate Professor.
Education: Higher. National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”. Specialty “Engineering electrophysics”.
Research area: Renewable energy sources, fluid and gas mechanics, hydroacoustics, boundary layer control, biomechanics.
Publications: more than 300 scientific papers.

V. Yakovlev, Institute of hydromechanics of the NAS Ukraine, 03057, 8/4, Marii Kapnist Str., Kyiv, Ukraine.

v2.pngAuthor information: Leading Scientist of the Department of Hydrodynamics of wave and channel flows of the Institute of Hydromechanics of the NAS of Ukraine, Doctor of technical sciences, Professor.
Education: Higher. Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Specialty “Mathematician”.
Research area: Renewable energy sources, fluid and gas mechanics, wave hydrodynamics.
Publications: more than 200 scientific papers.

V. Khomicky, Institute of hydromechanics of the NAS Ukraine, 03057, 8/4, Marii Kapnist Str., Kyiv, Ukraine.

v3.pngAuthor information: Leading Scientist of the Department of Applied Hydromechanics of the Institute of Hydromechanics of the NAS of Ukraine, Candidate of technical sciences, Associate Professor.
Education: Higher. Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Specialty “Hydrologist”.
Research area: Renewable energy sources, fluid and gas mechanics, hydro technical coastal protection structures.
Publications: more than 200 scientific papers.

А. Voskobijnyk, Institute of hydromechanics of the NAS Ukraine, 03057, 8/4, Marii Kapnist Str., Kyiv, Ukraine.

v4.pngAuthor information: Senior Research of the Department of Hydrobionics and Boundary Layer Control of the Institute of Hydromechanics of the NAS of Ukraine, Candidate of technical sciences, Associate Professor.
Education: Higher. Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Specialty “Mechanic”.
Research area: Renewable energy sources, fluid and gas mechanics, hydroacoustics, boundary layer control.
Publications: more than 250 scientific papers.

L. Tereshchenko, Institute of hydromechanics of the NAS Ukraine, 03057, 8/4, Marii Kapnist Str., Kyiv, Ukraine.

v5.pngAuthor information: Senior Research of the Department of Applied Hydromechanics of the Institute of Hydromechanics of the NAS of Ukraine, Candidate of physical and mathematical sciences, Associate Professor.
Education: Higher. NTUU Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Politecnical Institute. Specialty “Non-destructive testing devices for technical and medical diagnostics”.
Research area: Renewable energy sources, fluid and gas mechanics, hydroacoustics, boundary layer control, biomechanics.
Publications: more than 100 scientific papers.

О. Voskoboinyk, Institute of hydromechanics of the NAS Ukraine, 03057, 8/4, Marii Kapnist Str., Kyiv, Ukraine.

v6.pngAuthor information: Senior Research of the Department of Technical Hydromechanics of the Institute of Hydromechanics of the NAS of Ukraine, Candidate of technical sciences.
Education: Higher. National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”. Specialty “Electromechanic”.
Research area: Renewable energy sources, fluid and gas mechanics, hydroacoustics, boundary layer control, biomechanics.
Publications: more than 150 scientific papers.

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Published
2020-12-27
How to Cite
Voskoboinick, V., Yakovlev, V., Khomicky, V., VoskobijnykА., Tereshchenko, L., & VoskoboinykО. (2020). INTERACTION OF GRAVITY WAVES WITH TIDAL POWER PLANT. Vidnovluvana Energetika, (4(63), 59-68. https://doi.org/10.36296/1819-8058.2020.4(63).59-68