REGULATORY ASPECTS OF USE HYDROENERGY POTENTIAL IN UKRAINE OF RETURN WATERSTOF TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES BY «GREEN» TARIFF AT THE GENERATED ELECTRICITY

Keywords: electricity, green tariff, law, return water, small hydropower plant.

Abstract

Hydropower potential of small rivers of Ukraine, taking into account environmental restrictions on the use of water flow of the river to generate electricity and the use of areas for the construction of small hydropower plants, reaches the level of 375 MW with an annual electricity production of about 1270 million kWh per year. The are additional opportunities to increase the potential of small hydropower as a result of using the waste potential return water process (drinking water supply, drainage, return waters of mining and processing plants, treatment facilities of cities and enterprises. In this case power generation is carried out in the absence of negative effects on the flora and fauna, as well as in the return water no fish, river animals, rare birds. There is no need to build a dam, new reservoir, or not need to flood the surrounding area. The construction of small hydropower plants on the commissioned water supply and sewerage facilities contributes to the modernization of the existing facility (repair or replacement of individual elements) and increase its reliability as a result of the installation of a modern automated control and monitoring system. But in most cases, except for drinking water supply, return waters contain significant amounts of impurities and chemicals, which significantly increases the unit cost of the equipment. Operation of equipment in an aggressive environment reduces the profitability of these projects. Therefore, obtaining of "green" tariff for generating electricity by such small hydropower plants is almost the only motivation for private investors. However, the current regulations there is no unambiguous interpretation of the terms of the establishment of "green" tariff for hydropower plants on the return water. The article defines the legal aspects for the establishment of "green" tariff for electricity generated using hydropower potential return water of technological processes. Is given a brief description of the implemented pilot project of a small hydropower plant on the wastewater of urban treatment facilities in Ukraine, for which a "green" tariff for electricity is set. Ref. 17, tab. 2, fig. 1.

Author Biographies

A. Bryl, Institute of Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 02094, 20А Hnata Khotkevycha St., Kyiv, Ukraine.

bril.pngAuthor information: researcher at the Hydropower Department of the Institute for Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
Education: National Technical University of Ukraine «Kyiv Polytechnic Institute». Specialty «Electrical networks and systems».
Research area: conversion of renewable energy types and installations based on them, small hydropower.
Publications: 48.

P. Vasko, Institute of Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 02094, 20А Hnata Khotkevycha St., Kyiv, Ukraine.

vasko.jpgAuthor information:  Doctor of Technical  Sciences majoring in «Renewable Energy  Transformation», Head of Hydropower Department of the Institute of Renewable Energy NAS of Ukraine.
Education: National Technical University of Ukraine «Kyiv Polytechnic Institute».
Research area: alternative energy, energy saving, conversion of renewable energy types and installations based on them, small hydropower
Publications: 254.

А. Moroz, Інститут відновлюваної енергетики НАН України, 02094, вул. Гната Хоткевича, 20А, м. Київ, Україна.

moroz.jpgAuthor information: Candidate of Technical Sciences in the field of "Renewable Energy Transformation", Deputy Director for Science in the Institute for Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
Education: National Technical University of Ukraine «Kyiv Polytechnic Institute». Specialty «Non-traditional sources of energy».
Research area: alternative energy, energy saving, renewable energy transformation, small hydropower.
Publications: 25.

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Published
2021-03-30
How to Cite
Bryl, A., Vasko, P., & MorozА. (2021). REGULATORY ASPECTS OF USE HYDROENERGY POTENTIAL IN UKRAINE OF RETURN WATERSTOF TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES BY «GREEN» TARIFF AT THE GENERATED ELECTRICITY. Vidnovluvana Energetika, (1(64), 59-69. https://doi.org/10.36296/1819-8058.2021.1(64).59-69