• Yu. Morozov Інститут відновлюваної енергетики НАН України, 02094, вул. Гната Хоткевича, 20А, м. Київ, Україна.
  • А. Barylo Інститут відновлюваної енергетики НАН України, 02094, вул. Гната Хоткевича 20А, м. Київ, Україна.
Keywords: geothermal resources, geothermal deposits, method of extraction, thermal potential, mountain massif, permeable layer, heat inflow from mountain massif, mathematical model, heat exchange.


The analysis of geothermal resources on the territory of Ukraine, which are contained in four large artesian basins, where it is possible to extract geothermal waters for their use in energy, agriculture, industry and housing and communal services. Based on the analysis of the actual data of the existing well fund, it is established that aquifers are located at depths from 400 m to 7000 m. The most common formation temperatures in Ukraine are from 50 to 90 ° С. For most of the Ukrainian reservoir aquifers, which contain thermal waters, with a certain degree of probability, the following filtration scheme can be adopted: the productive horizon is infinite along the strike, homogeneous, anisotropic with averaged filtration and thermophysical parameters, pressure head and isolated from above and below by waterproof layers. To calculate the thermal potential within the geothermal field, operated in the absence of re-injection of the spent natural heat carrier, it is sufficient to solve only the hydrodynamic problem of the heat carrier filtration, since there are no inflows of heat or cold in the reservoir.

The most environmentally safe way to extract geothermal resources is geothermal circulation systems (GCS), which ensure the injection of spent geothermal coolant into the permeable underground thermal water collector. The thermal potential of hydrogeothermal deposits is calculated in a volumetric way, which consists of the heat contained in the reservoir geothermal water, in the solid skeleton of the productive horizon, as well as the heat coming from the surrounding permeable layer of the mountain massif. The magnitude of heat inflow from the mountain massif is the greatest difficulty in taking into account the thermal potential of the geothermal field. Based on the known analytical solution of the problem of heat transfer during the movement of liquid in the underground permeable layers, an equation is obtained that determines the operating time of the GCS at a constant temperature. Based on this equation, it is shown that the influence of the rock mass on the time of operation of the GCS until the temperature at the outlet of the GCS is for typical parameters of the GCS is not less than 5%. Based on these calculations, it is proved that the influence of heat inflows from the rock mass in the calculations of the thermal potential of water-bearing strata can be neglected. Ref. 8.

Author Biographies

Yu. Morozov, Інститут відновлюваної енергетики НАН України, 02094, вул. Гната Хоткевича, 20А, м. Київ, Україна.

Morozov.jpgAuthor information: Head of the Department of Geothermal Energy of the Institute of Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, doctor of technical sciences, senior researcher.
Education: National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”.
Research area: renewable energy, geothermal energy, use of warm environment.
Publications: more than 160.

А. Barylo, Інститут відновлюваної енергетики НАН України, 02094, вул. Гната Хоткевича 20А, м. Київ, Україна.

barylo.pngAuthor information: researcher at Geothermal Energy Department, Institute of Renewable Energy of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
Education: Kyiv National University, Faculty of Hydrology and Engineering Geology.
Research area: renewable energy, geothermal energy, use of environmental heat.
Publications: 58 including 2 state standards.


1. Zharnikova R.S. Otsinka prohnoznykh resursiv termalnykh vod Zakarpatskoi oblasti za 1998-2007 rr.[Estimation of forecast resources of thermal waters of Сarpathian region for 1998–2007]. Zvit Zakarpatskoi heolohorozviduvalnoi ekspedytsii, fondy Heoinform Ukrainy. 2007. 192 p. [in Ukrainian].
2. Radko N.Y. Pidzemni vody Zakarpatskoho vnutrishnoho prohynu. [Groundwater of the Transcarpathian internal depression]. Kyiv. Naukova dumka. 1975. 185 p. [in Ukrainian].
3. Morozov Yu.P. Dobycha geotermalnyh resursov i akkumulirovanie teploty v podzemnyh gorizontah: monografiya. [Production of geothermal resources and accumulation of heat in underground horizons: monograph]. Kiyiv. Naukova dumka. 2017. 197 p. ISBN 978-966-00-1553-1[in Russian].
4. Zharnikova R.S. Rezultaty detalnoj razvedki termalnyh vod Beregovskogo mestorozhdeniya dlya plavatelnogo bassejna uchebno-sportivnoj bazy «Zakarpate» s podschetom jekspluatacionnyh zapasov po sostoyaniyu na 1.04.1989. [Results of detailed exploration of thermal waters of the Beregovsky field for the swimming pool of the educational and sports base "Zakarpate" with the calculation of operational reserves up to April 1, 1989.]. Zvit Zakarpatskoyi geologorozviduvalnoyi ekspediciyi, fondy Geoinform Ukrayini. 1989. 95 p. [in Russian].
5. Bochever F.M. Teoriya i prakticheskie metody gidrogeologicheskih raschetov jekspluatacionnyh zapasov podzemnyh vod. [Theory and practical methods of hydrogeological calculations of operational reserves of groundwater]. Moskva. Nedra. 1968. 323 p. [in Russian].
6. Atlas enerhetychnoho potentsialu vidnovlyuvanykh dzherel enerhiyi Ukrayiny. za zah. red.. [Atlas of energy potential of renewable energy sources of Ukraine. For general. ed. S. Kudri]. Kyiv. Instytut vidnovlyuvanoyi enerhetyky NAN Ukrayiny. 2020. 82 р.
ISBN 978-966-999-034-1[in Ukrainian].
7. Lauwerier H.А. The transport of heat in an oil layer caused by the injection of hot fluid. Applied Scientific Research. 1955. Sec. A. Vol. 5. No. 2. Pp. 145–150. [in English].
8. Levelized Cost and Levelized Avoided Cost of New Generation Resources in the Annual Energy Outlook 2018. US Energy Information Administration. Annual Energy Outlook 2018. [Electronic resource].
URL: [in English].

Abstract views: 12
PDF Downloads: 5
How to Cite