Keywords: regulatory framework, document, water, hydroelectric power plant, pumped storage hydro station.


Currently, the recovery of interest in small hydropower is caused by the steady increase in electricity tariffs, reduced construction of large hydro and hydro storage plants (HPP, PSH), a significant increase in fossil fuel prices and the presence of inefficient diesel power plants in remote areas. Further development of small hydropower is impossible without a state-coordinated scheme of small hydropower plants, development of land disposal procedures, permits for special water use, cooperation with environmental and environmental organizations, updating the regulatory framework. The existing regulatory framework does not promote the development of small hydropower, as for the implementation of the project of small hydropower plants it is necessary to approve the same amount of regulatory documentation and cover the same issues as for the construction of large hydropower plants. The existing normative and technical base of design, construction and operation of HPP and PSH needs to be reformed. The following normative documents are considered and analyzed in the article: Water Code of Ukraine, Rules of electrical installations, branch guiding documents (34.20.507-2003. Rules 34.03.106-2003 Safety of hydraulic structures and hydraulic equipment of power plants of Ukraine (Regulations on the branch system of supervision). The main provisions concerning: design, construction and operation of HPPs are considered; regulation of legal relations in order to ensure the preservation, scientifically sound, rational use of water for the needs of the population and industries, reproduction of water resources, protection of water from pollution, clogging and depletion, prevention of harmful effects of water and elimination of their consequences, improving water bodies, as well as protection of the rights of enterprises, institutions, organizations and citizens to water use. The analysis facilitates the procedure of consideration and monitoring of the legal framework, helps to increase the efficiency of experts, engineers, scientists and the quality of adopted laws in general. Ref. 13.

Author Biography

A. Verbovij, Institute of Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 02094, 20А Hnata Khotkevycha St., Kyiv, Ukraine.

verbovyj_ap.jpgAuthor information: senior research  of Hydropower Engineering Department, Institute of Renewable Energy NAS of Ukraine
Education: Natiωnal Technical University of Ukraine «Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute». Specialty: "Electric drive and automation of industrial instalations”.
Research area: conversion of renewable energy types, small hydropower.
Publications: 129.


1. Vasko P.F., Moroz A.V. Zakonodatelnie stymulu i pryrodookhrannie ohranychenyia yspolzovanyia hydroэnerhetycheskykh resursov malykh rek Ukrainy. [Legislative incentives and environmental restrictions on the use of hydropower resources of small rivers of Ukraine]. Alternatyvnaia enerhetyka i еkolohyia. 2014. No. 15. Pp. 82–92.
[in Russian].
2. Potashnyk S.I., Karamushka O.M. Bezpechna ekspluatatsiia hidrotekhnichnykh sporud hidroelektrostantsii Ukrainy na suchasnomu etapi. [Safe operation of hydraulic structures of hydroelectric power plants of Ukraine at the present stage]. Visnyk Natsionalnoho universytetu vodnoho hospodarstva ta pryrodokorystuvannia. 2013. No. 2 (62).
Pp. 11–19. [in Ukrainian].
3. Vodnyi kodeks Ukrainy vid 06.06.1995 r. № 213/92–VR. [Water Code of Ukraine]. Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy. 1995. No. 24. 189 p. [in Ukrainian].
4. Vasko P.F., Ibrahymova M.R.. Enerhetycheskaia effektyvnost maloi hydroelektrostantsyy pry ekolohycheskykh ohranychenyiakh na ispolzovanye stoka vody reky dlia proyzvodstva elektroenerhyy. [Energy efficiency of a small hydroelectric power plant with environmental restrictions on the use of river water for electricity generation]. Alternatyvnaia enerhetyka i ekolohyia. 2017. No. 04–06 (216-218). Pp. 103–115. ISSN 1608-8298. [in Russian].
5. Vasko P., Verbovij A., Moroz A., Pazych S., Ibragimova M., Sahno L.. Concept of Accumulation of Energy from Photovoltaic and Wind Power Plants by Means of Seawater Pumped Hydroelectric Energy Storage. 2019 IEEE 6th International Conference on Energy Smart Systems (2019 IEEE ESS). April 17-19. 2019. Kyiv. Ukraine. Pp. 188–191. [Electronic resource]. (Applying date: 23.11.20). [in English].
6. Vasko P.F., Moroz A.V., Bryl A.O., Ibrahimova M.R.. Ekolohichni aspekty rozvytku hidroenerhetyky v Ukraini. [Ecological aspects of hydropower development in Ukraine]. Vidnovluvana energetika. 2018. No. 2. Pp. 57–69. [in Ukrainian].
7. Bryl A.O., Vasko P.F., Moroz A.V. Tekhnichnyi potentsial hidroenerhetychnykh resursiv malykh richok Ukrainy z urakhuvanniam pryrodookhoronnykh obmezhen. [Technical potential of hydropower resources of small rivers of Ukraine taking into account environmental restrictions]. Hidroenerhetyka Ukrainy. 2019.No. 3-4. Pp. 47–51. [in Ukrainian].
8. Vasko P.F, Moroz A.V. Potentsial vykorystannia hidroenerhetychnykh resursiv osnovnykh malykh richok Ukrainy. [Potential for the use of hydropower resources of the main small rivers of Ukraine]. Vidnovluvana energetika. 2016. No. 3. Pp. 50–56. [in Ukrainian].
9. Vasko P.F., Bryl A.O., Moroz A.V., Ozoryn D.F. Raschet teoretycheskoho znachenyia hydroenerhetycheskoho potentsyala malykh rek s uchetom obespechennosty stoka vody. [ Calculation of the theoretical value of the hydropower potential of small rivers, taking into account the availability of water flow]. Alternatyvnaia enerhetyka i ekolohyia. 2012. No. 7. Pp. 126–132. [in Russian].
10. Pravyla ulashtuvannia elektroustanovok. [Rules of arrangement of electrical installations]. Ofits. vyd. K. Minenerhovuhillia Ukrainy. Kyiv. 2017. 617 p. [in Ukrainian].
11. Tekhnichna ekspluatatsiia elektrychnykh stantsii i merezh. Pravyla: HKD 34.20.507-2003. [Technical operation of power plants and networks]. Ofits. vyd. K. HRIFRE. M-vo palyva ta enerhetyky Ukrainy. 2003. 598 p. [in Ukrainian].
12. Fareniuk H.H., Vainberh O.I., Khlapuk M.M., Shuminskyi V.D. Nadiinist ta bezpeka hidrotekhnichnykh sporud v umovakh tryvaloi ekspluatatsii. [Reliability and safety of hydraulic structures in conditions of long operation]. Nauka ta budivnytstvo. 2019. No. 20 (2). Pp.4–18.
[in Ukrainian].
13. Bezpeka hidrotekhnichnykh sporud i hidrotekhnichnoho obladnannia elektrostantsii: HKD 34.03.106-2003. [Safety of hydraulic structures and hydraulic equipment of power plants]. Ofits. vyd. Kh. Industriia. M-vo palyva ta enerhetyky Ukrainy. 2003. 598 p. [in Ukrainian].

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