DETERMINATION OF EFFECTIVE DIRECTIONS AND CRITERIA OF INNOVATIVE WORK IN THE FIELD OF SOLAR ENERGY

Keywords: photovoltaics, photovoltaic module efficiency, solar cell, module cost per unit of power, environmental friendliness of module utilization.

Abstract

An overview of the state and development in the world of the solar cell industry as a basic unit of photovoltaic modules, which are produced and are at the research stage to date.

The article focuses on the four most well-known types of photovoltaic modules that use solar cells, taking into account both certain design differences in their manufacture and technical and economic costs, features of operation and disposal after decommissioning of modules.

A method of analysis of photovoltaic modules using the method of pairwise comparisons has been developed and criteria have been established that take into account their technical and economic indicators and market factors (per unit of installed capacity), namely: cost; module weight; мodule efficiency; environmental friendliness of module disposal after failure or termination of service life; features of degradation of each separate type of the module.

The analysis of basic segments of types of photovoltaic modules is carried out and integrated estimations for each segment are defined. The highest integrated score was received by the segment of modules made on the basis of single-crystal silicon, and the lowest - the segment of modules made on the basis of СdTe. The second and third places were practically shared by modules based on amorphous silicon and based on perovskite structures.

According to the results of this analysis, it is proposed to focus investments on the development of the photovoltaic industry in the segment of modules that use tandem solar cells based on single-crystal silicon and perovskite structures. Factories for the production of solar cells based on crystalline silicon exist in Ukraine, and the development and manufacture of perovskite structures must be developed. Ref. 9, tab. 5, fig. 1.

Author Biographies

V. Pundiev, Institute of Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 02094, 20А Hnata Khotkevycha St., Kyiv, Ukraine.

pundiev.jpgAutor information: Research Associate of Solar Power Engineering Department of Institute of Renewable Energy at NAS of Ukraine.
Education: The Voroshilovgrad Machine-Building Institute in Electrical Machines and Devices.
Research area: renewable power in particular solar power.

Publications: 26.

V. Shevchuk, Institute of Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 02094, 20А Hnata Khotkevycha St., Kyiv, Ukraine.

Shevchuk.jpgAutor information: research associate of Solar Power Engineering Department of Institute of Renewable Energy at NAS of Ukraine.
Education: The Kyiv Polytechnic Institute in Power Plants.
Research area: renewable power, in particular photovoltaics.
Publications: 41.

N. Marchenko, Institute of Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 02094, 20А Hnata Khotkevycha St., Kyiv, Ukraine.

marchenko.pngAuthor information: Junior Researcher on marketing research at the Institute for Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Education: Kyiv National University of Technologies and Design, specialty Design Engineer - Technologist
Research аrea: wind power systems, hydrogenerators, permanent magnets devices.
Publications: 33

References

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2. Zakon Ukrainy “Pro electroenergetyku”. [Law of Ukraine "On Electricity"]. [Electronic resource]. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/575/97-%D0%B2%D1%80#Text (Applying date: 29.06.2019). [in Ukrainian].
3. Formuvannya expertnyh ocinok ta ocinka uzgodzhenosti expertiv. [Formation of expert assessments and assessment of consistency of experts]. [Electronic resource]. URL: http://pidruchniki.ws/17190512/menedzhment/formuvannya_ekspertnih_otsinok_otsinka_uzgodzhenosti_ekspertiv (Applying date: 10.03.2021). [in Ukrainian].
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5. DSTU 7503:2014. Gelioenergetyka. Stanciyi photoelectrychni. Terminy ta vyznachennya ponyat. [Solar energy.Photovoltaic stations. Terms and definitions]. Vved. 01.01.2015. К. Derzhspozhyvstandart Ukrayiny. 2015. 13 p. [in Ukrainian].
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8. Shamin А.А., Raksha S.V., Kondrashin V.I., Pecherskaya Р.М. Solnechnye yacheyki na osnove perovskitov. [Perovskite - based solar cells]. Моlodoy ucheny. 2015. No. 4(84). Pp. 286-289. [Electronic resource]. URL: https://moluch.ru/archive/84/15652/ (Applying date: 04.02.2020). [in Ukrainian].
9. Rozen V.P., Solovey A.I., Belashev А.А. Metodicheskie ukazaniya dlya raboty studentov po laboratornomu practikumu po kursam «Modeli і metody optimizaciyi system electrosnabzheniya», «Avtomatizirovannye sistemy upravleniya i pererabotki informaciyi» и «Energeticheskiy menejment». [Methodical instructions for work of students on laboratory workshop on courses "Models and methods of optimization of power supply systems", "Automated control systems and information processing" and "Energy management"]. К. 1999. 27 p. [in Ukrainian].

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Published
2021-12-25
How to Cite
Pundiev, V., Shevchuk, V., & Marchenko, N. (2021). DETERMINATION OF EFFECTIVE DIRECTIONS AND CRITERIA OF INNOVATIVE WORK IN THE FIELD OF SOLAR ENERGY. Vidnovluvana Energetika, (4(67), 32-43. https://doi.org/10.36296/1819-8058.2021.4(67).32-43