FEATURES OF PHOTOVOLTAIC STATION OPERATION ON AC VOLTAGE THAT EXCEEDS ACCEPTABLE LIMITS

  • A. Sahara PhD student in Department of Renewable Energy Sources of Faculty of Electric Power Engineering and Automatics of the National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute". https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7194-1006
  • V. Budko Head at the Department of Renewable Energy Sources of the National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute", https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6219-4221
  • M. Budko assistant professor of the Department of Renewable Energy Sources of the Faculty of Electric Power Engineering and Automatics of the National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kiev Polytechnic Institute", Senior Researcher of Renewable Organic Energy sources Department of the Institute of Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0928-1657
  • O. Kozachuk assistant to the senior teacher of the Department of Renewable Energy Sources of the Faculty of Electric Power Engineering and Automatics of the National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kiev Polytechnic Institute", 1st Category Engineer of Solar Energy Department of the Institute of Renewable Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1968-8178
Keywords: photovoltaic station, electrochemical battery, parameters of electric energy, renewable energy sources

Abstract

The growing power of renewable energy sources in the energy systems of Ukraine causes the problem of maintaining the parameters of electricity within acceptable limits set by the current country standards. In the context of this issue, the paper analyzes the parameters of the photovoltaic plant, which are connected to the central grid, during the year. The results of the analysis of the real data of the station confirmed the presence of the problem of overvoltage at the terminals of the photovoltaic power plant and nearest grid. This paper presents the analysis of parameters of electrochemical batteries which provide support for the central grid and increase the efficiency of photovoltaic stations. The battery stores electric energy during an increase of voltage in the network and discharges energy to the consumer when the voltage level at the connection point is normal.

To assess the effectiveness of the proposed approach, an analysis of the specifics of the photovoltaic plant operation accepting limitations of the energy quality is proposed. The amount of electricity supplied to the network at the overvoltage level is determined. It is established that the use of a battery storage system helps to stabilize the parameters of the output electricity from the PV plant to the network and reduces the negative impact on nearby consumers. The profitability of the buffer accumulator as a part of the network photovoltaic power plant is estimated and the advisability of creating an optimization model for selecting the required capacity is shown, which will reduce the capital costs of such a solution.

Scientific provisions, conclusions and recommendations formulated in the paper are based on the results of statistical analysis of data from the existing photovoltaic plant, theoretical and practical provisions.

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Published
2022-04-17
How to Cite
Sahara, A., Budko, V., Budko, M., & Kozachuk, O. (2022). FEATURES OF PHOTOVOLTAIC STATION OPERATION ON AC VOLTAGE THAT EXCEEDS ACCEPTABLE LIMITS. Vidnovliuvana Energetyka, (1(68), 53-59. https://doi.org/10.36296/1819-8058.2022.1(68)836